• Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • software development Company Server 2003
  • Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Best Practices
  • Moving Forward
  • Version Comparisons
  • Hardware Recommendations
  • Installation Checklist
  • Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup
  • Installing Windows Server 2003
  • Post Setup Configurations
  • Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process
  • Correcting Common Setup Problems
  • Chapter 2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview
  • Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server
  • Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 3. Adding Hardware
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play
  • Installing and Configuring Devices
  • Troubleshooting New Devices
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking
  • Name Resolution and Network Services
  • Network Diagnostic Utilities
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS
  • Managing WINS
  • Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution
  • Chapter 5. Managing DNS
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Caching-Only Server
  • Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder
  • Managing Dynamic DNS
  • Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters
  • Examining Zones with Nslookup
  • Command-Line Management of DNS
  • Configuring DHCP to Support DNS
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of DNS Domain Structure
  • Functional Description of DNS Query Handling
  • Designing DNS Domains
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Configuring DNS Clients
  • Installing and Configuring DNS Servers
  • Configuring Secondary DNS Servers
  • Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory
  • Chapter 6. Understanding Active Directory Services
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Support Files
  • Active Directory Utilities
  • Bulk Imports and Exports
  • Moving Forward
  • Limitations of Classic NT Security
  • Directory Service Components
  • Brief History of Directory Services
  • X.500 Overview
  • LDAP Information Model
  • LDAP Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Schema
  • Chapter 7. Managing Active Directory Replication
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Replication Overview
  • Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions
  • Designing Site Architectures
  • Configuring Inter-site Replication
  • Controlling Replication Parameters
  • Special Replication Operations
  • Troubleshooting Replication Problems
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Design Objectives
  • DNS and Active Directory Namespaces
  • Domain Design Strategies
  • Strategies for OU Design
  • Flexible Single Master Operations
  • Domain Controller Placement
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade
  • In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain
  • In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest
  • Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003
  • Additional Domain Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 10. Active Directory Maintenance
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Loss of a DNS Server
  • Loss of a Domain Controller
  • Loss of Key Replication Components
  • Backing Up the Directory
  • Performing Directory Maintenance
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture
  • Security Components
  • Password Security
  • Authentication
  • Analysis of Kerberos Transactions
  • MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability
  • Security Auditing
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 12. Managing Group Policies
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Group Policy Operational Overview
  • Managing Individual Group Policy Types
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 13. Managing Active Directory Security
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Active Directory Security
  • Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects
  • Service Accounts
  • Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs
  • Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 14. Configuring Data Storage
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage
  • Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems
  • Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks
  • Working with GPT Disks
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 15. Managing File Systems
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems
  • NTFS Attributes
  • Link Tracking Service
  • Reparse Points
  • File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance
  • Quotas
  • File System Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 16. Managing Shared Resources
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing
  • Configuring File Sharing
  • Connecting to Shared Folders
  • Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs)
  • Printer Sharing
  • Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print
  • Managing Print Services
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 17. Managing File Encryption
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • File Encryption Functional Description
  • Certificate Management
  • Encrypted File Recovery
  • Encrypting Server-Based Files
  • EFS File Transactions and WebDAV
  • Special EFS Guidelines
  • EFS Procedures
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • PKI Goals
  • Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003
  • Public/Private Key Services
  • Certificates
  • Certification Authorities
  • Certificate Enrollment
  • Key Archival and Recovery
  • Command-Line PKI Tools
  • Chapter 19. Managing the User Operating Environment
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Side-by-Side Assemblies
  • User State Migration
  • Managing Folder Redirection
  • Creating and Managing Home Directories
  • Managing Offline Files
  • Managing Servers via Remote Desktop
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Network Bridge
  • Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections
  • Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS)
  • Moving Forward
  • Functional Description of WAN Device Support
  • PPP Authentication
  • NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains
  • Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access
  • Installing and Configuring Modems
  • Configuring a Remote Access Server
  • Configuring a Demand-Dial Router
  • Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT
  • Chapter 21. Recovering from System Failures
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description Ntbackup
  • Backup and Restore Operations
  • Recovering from Blue Screen Stops
  • Using Emergency Management Services (EMS)
  • Using Safe Mode
  • Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration
  • Recovery Console
  • Moving Forward
  • Who Should Read This Book
  • Who This Book Is Not For
  • Conventions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Author
  • About the Technical Reviewers
  • Index
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  • Preface
  • Previous Section Next Section

    Backup and Restore Operations

    This section gives step-by-step procedures for performing interactive backups, scheduling backups, and restoring files.

    Performing an Interactive Backup

    You can run backup jobs interactively from the Ntbackup window or you can schedule them to run in the background. Unlike NT, you can use Ntbackup to both configure and schedule backup jobs. The steps in this section assume that you have a blank tape. If the tape already has backup files on it, you'll be prompted in several places to confirm overwriting the tape name and its contents and whether you want to import the tape into the RSM Free media pool.

    The steps in Procedure 21.3 describe how to configure and run an interactive backup job using the Advanced view of Ntbackup.

    Procedure 21.3 Performing an Interactive Backup

    1. Start Ntbackup using START | PROGRAMS | ACCESSORIES | SYSTEM TOOLS | BACKUP. Shift to Advanced mode if prompted with the Wizard window.

    2. Select the Backup tab. Figure 21.11 shows an example. Select the drives and/or folders you want to include in the backup job. You can use My Network Places to select shared folders on other servers, as well.

      Figure 21.11. Backup window showing file and folder selections.


    3. From the NTBACKUP menu, select TOOLS | OPTIONS. The Options window opens. Select the Backup Type tab. Select a Default Backup Type for the job.

    4. Select the Backup Log tab. Under Information, select either Detailed or Summary. The Summary option is selected by default.

    5. Click OK to save your configuration and return to the main Backup window.

    6. Under Backup Destination, select the tape backup unit.

    7. Under Backup Media or File Name, select New. This tells Ntbackup to take the blank tape from the Free media pool in RSM.

    8. Click Start Backup. The Backup Job Information window opens (see Figure 21.12). The field labeled If The Media Is Overwritten... is very important. It determines the name applied to the tape when it is overwritten.

      Figure 21.12. Backup Job Information window showing default entries for Backup Description and media labeling.


    9. Click Advanced. The Advanced Backup Options window opens (see Figure 21.13).

      Figure 21.13. Advanced Backup Options window showing default backup options.


    10. Select the Verify Data After Backup option and the If Possible, Compress the Backup Data to Save Space options and then click OK to save the settings and return to the Backup Job Information window.

    11. Click Start Backup. If there is media in the Free pool but it has not been prepared with a Free media label, RSM gives you an informational message and prompts you to confirm the tape overwrite.

    12. After the backup job commences, the Backup Progress window opens and the files begin to flow to the tape. If you cancel out of the job, Ntbackup prompts you to complete backing up the current file. You have the option of bypassing this and canceling the job immediately.

    13. When the backup has completed, the Backup Progress window informs you of the status. Click Report to open Notepad and view the backup log. Here is an example log for a job that backed up one file:

      Backup Status
      Operation: Backup
      Active backup destination: 4mm DDS
      Media name: "New"
      Backup of "C: "
      Backup set #1 on media #1
      Backup description: "Monday"
      Backup Type: Normal
      Backup started on 2/27/2002 at 10:22 AM.
      Folder C:\
      Backup completed on 2/27/2002 at 10:46 AM.
      Directories: 38
      Files: 239
      Bytes: 1,208,708
      Time:   45 seconds

    At the completion of the backup, you can close the Backup Progress window. Be sure to label the tape and store it safely.

    Scheduling a Backup Job

    After you have verified (using an interactive job) that your backup system is working, you can schedule jobs to run in the evening. Be sure to coordinate backups around your virus scans. You can configure and schedule a job from within Ntbackup as described in Procedure 21.4.

    Procedure 21.4 Configuring and Scheduling a Backup Job

    1. In Ntbackup, select the Schedule Jobs tab. This displays a calendar.

    2. Double-click the day you want to start the job. This launches the Backup Wizard. (You have to use the wizard for this configuration.)

    3. Click Next. The Items to Back Up window opens. Select the drives you want to include in the backup job. Be sure to select System State as one of your options.

    4. Click Next. The Backup Type, Destination, and Name window opens. Select the tape drive and a tape name that the job will look for.

    5. Click Next. The Type of Backup window opens. Select a Normal backup type. You can use this procedure to create differential or incremental jobs as a follow-on to this normal job.

    6. Click Next. The How to Back Up window opens. Select the Verify Data After Backup and Use Hardware Compression options.

    7. Click Next. The Backup Options window opens. The Replace Existing Backups option is selected by default for normal backups. As an additional security precaution, you can select the Allow The Owner... option.

    8. Click Next. The Backup Label window opens. Enter the name that the job will apply to the tape under Media Label. Enter the name you want displayed in the catalog under Backup Label.

    9. Click Next. The When to Back Up window opens. Select the Later radio button and enter a job name then click Set Schedule. The Schedule Job window opens.

    10. Use the Schedule Task option to select a repetition option such as Daily or Weekly then select a Start Time.

    11. Click OK to return to the main wizard then click Next to open the Set Account Information window. Enter the credentials of the account you've created to run backups.

    12. Click OK to save the credentials. A summary window opens. Click Finish to save the changes as a scheduled task. The job icon will appear in the calendar on each day it is scheduled to run.

    All you need to do now is make sure you have the right tapes in the drive depending on how you configured the job. The next section covers performing this same task using the Backup Wizard.

    Backup Job Structure

    When a scheduled job comes due, the Task Scheduler launches Ntbackup in the background with command-line switches that were set based on your selections in the Backup Wizard. Here is an example of a backup job listing:

    C:\Windows\system32\ntbackup.exe backup "@C:\Documents and 
    graphics/ccc.gifSettings\Administrator\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\
    graphics/ccc.gifWindows NT\NTBackup\data\Monday.bks" /n "Monday" /d "Monday" /v:
    graphics/ccc.gifyes /r:no /rs:no /hc:on /m normal /j:"Monday Backup" /p "4mm 

    The entry is long because the path to the backup file is buried deep in the Administrator's user profile. Here are the switches and their functions:

    • /n. The name of the tape specified for the job. A tape by that name must be in the drive or the job will abort.

    • /d. The name applied to the tape when it is overwritten. This should be the same name specified in /d so the same tape can be used the next time.

    • /v. This sets the Verify option.

    • /r. This sets the Restriction option. If set, only members of the Administrators group can access the tape.

    • /rs. This sets the Remote Storage backup option.

    • /hc. This sets the Hardware Compression option.

    • /m. This sets the backup type.

    • /j. This defines the job name.

    • /p. This specifies the backup device.

    If you have a single tape device and don't want to mess around with tape names, add the /um switch. For details on other command-line options, type ntbackup /? at a command prompt.

    Restoring Files

    The best backup rotation system in the world won't help you if you can't get files off a tape and back onto a disk when you need them. This section describes how to do individual file restores because that's the source of the majority of restore requests. Full restores of a data volume works the sameЧthere are just more files involved. Full restores of an operating system volume are described under "Automated System Recovery (ASR)" earlier in this chapter.

    When you configure a Restore job, you'll be given the following three choices for placing the restored files:

    • Original Location. If you select this option, Restore puts the files in the same directory that they came from. If the directory structure is no longer present, it is recreated. This option is most appropriate for restoring entire volumes. Under normal circumstances, you do not want to restore individual user files back to their original location because the user may have placed changes in the target file that is currently on disk and you don't want to overwrite them.

    • Alternate Location. This option brings up a path field and Browse button. Use these to find a folder to hold the restored files. This writes the original directory structure to the target folder. This option is most appropriate for restoring an entire subtree rather than an individual file.

    • Single Folder. This option also brings up a path and Browse button. Use these to find a folder to hold the restored files. This does not preserve the original directory structure. This option is most appropriate when restoring individual files. If you elect to restore an entire directory using the Single Folder option, the files are plucked out of the directory and put at the root of the specified folder.

    During the configuration, you will also be asked to set the security option for the restored files. The options are as follows:

    • Restore Security. This option applies the original permissions to the newly restored files. This is the default selection and the one most appropriate for the majority of file restores. If you have a situation where the original security descriptors are no longer validЧyou may be restoring data after reinstalling the operating systemЧor you want to scrub the old descriptors and replace them with the defaults in the restoration folder, deselect this option.

    • Restore Removable Storage Database. Use this option to restore the media settings in the Removable Storage database along with the data.

    • Restore Junction Points, Not The Folders And File Data They Reference. This option permits you to restore one volume without reaching through a mount point to the files in another file system. If you are not sure if a particular volume has mount points, select this option just to be on the safe side. You can restore the mounted volume separately, if necessary.

    • When Restoring Replicated Data Sets[el]. This option is used when restoring files to a volume that is replicated using the File Replication System. This option is only available when restoring System State files. By selecting this option, the timestamps and date stamps on the replicated files are made current so they become the files that will propagate outward to other server holding a replica of the volume.

    When you are ready to restore a file, use the steps in Procedure 21.5.

    Procedure 21.5 Restoring a File Manually Using Ntbackup

    1. Insert the tape that contains the files you want to restore into the tape device. It can take up to a minute for the Removable Storage Management system to make the tape available to Ntbackup.

    2. Launch Ntbackup.

    3. Select the Restore and Manage Media tab and highlight the tape device icon (see Figure 21.14).

      Figure 21.14. Ntbackup window showing Restore and Manage Media tab.


    4. In the right pane, look for the catalog entry with a Media Location that indicates it is mounted. The other catalog entries will show Offline.

    5. Select the files or folder you want to restore.

    6. Under Restore Files To, select one of the three location options.

    7. Click Start Restore. In the Confirm Restore window, click Advanced. The Advanced Restore Options window opens (see Figure 21.15).

      Figure 21.15. Advanced Restore Options window showing default options.


    8. Select the appropriate security, junction point, and mount point options. Click OK to return to the Confirm Restore window.

    9. Click OK to begin the restore job. The Restore Progress window keeps you apprised of the job status and tells you when it is complete.

    10. When the restore has finished, close the Restore Progress window.

    Check the report to confirm that there were no problems noted during the restore, and then put the user's file back where it belongs.

    Cataloging a Tape

    When Ntbackup writes a backup file to tape, it includes a copy of the catalog entry for that job. If you have a tape that contains backup files but no on-disk catalog, you can restore the catalog from tape then restore the files on the tape using the restored catalog (see Procedure 21.6).

    Procedure 21.6 Cataloging a Tape

    1. Insert the tape in the tape drive and wait about a minute for RSM to mount it and read the label.

    2. Launch Ntbackup and select the Restore and Manage Media tab.

    3. In the right pane, look for the catalog entry with a Media Location that indicates it is mounted. The other catalog entries will show Offline.

    4. Right-click the media name in the right pane and select CATALOG from the flyout menu.

    5. When the tape has finished cataloging, the structure will be added to the catalog entries in the tree under the tape device in the left pane.

    You can now do a restore from the tape.

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