• Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • software development Company Server 2003
  • Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Best Practices
  • Moving Forward
  • Version Comparisons
  • Hardware Recommendations
  • Installation Checklist
  • Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup
  • Installing Windows Server 2003
  • Post Setup Configurations
  • Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process
  • Correcting Common Setup Problems
  • Chapter 2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview
  • Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server
  • Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 3. Adding Hardware
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play
  • Installing and Configuring Devices
  • Troubleshooting New Devices
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking
  • Name Resolution and Network Services
  • Network Diagnostic Utilities
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS
  • Managing WINS
  • Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution
  • Chapter 5. Managing DNS
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Caching-Only Server
  • Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder
  • Managing Dynamic DNS
  • Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters
  • Examining Zones with Nslookup
  • Command-Line Management of DNS
  • Configuring DHCP to Support DNS
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of DNS Domain Structure
  • Functional Description of DNS Query Handling
  • Designing DNS Domains
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Configuring DNS Clients
  • Installing and Configuring DNS Servers
  • Configuring Secondary DNS Servers
  • Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory
  • Chapter 6. Understanding Active Directory Services
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Support Files
  • Active Directory Utilities
  • Bulk Imports and Exports
  • Moving Forward
  • Limitations of Classic NT Security
  • Directory Service Components
  • Brief History of Directory Services
  • X.500 Overview
  • LDAP Information Model
  • LDAP Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Schema
  • Chapter 7. Managing Active Directory Replication
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Replication Overview
  • Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions
  • Designing Site Architectures
  • Configuring Inter-site Replication
  • Controlling Replication Parameters
  • Special Replication Operations
  • Troubleshooting Replication Problems
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Design Objectives
  • DNS and Active Directory Namespaces
  • Domain Design Strategies
  • Strategies for OU Design
  • Flexible Single Master Operations
  • Domain Controller Placement
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade
  • In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain
  • In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest
  • Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003
  • Additional Domain Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 10. Active Directory Maintenance
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Loss of a DNS Server
  • Loss of a Domain Controller
  • Loss of Key Replication Components
  • Backing Up the Directory
  • Performing Directory Maintenance
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture
  • Security Components
  • Password Security
  • Authentication
  • Analysis of Kerberos Transactions
  • MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability
  • Security Auditing
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 12. Managing Group Policies
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Group Policy Operational Overview
  • Managing Individual Group Policy Types
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 13. Managing Active Directory Security
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Active Directory Security
  • Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects
  • Service Accounts
  • Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs
  • Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 14. Configuring Data Storage
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage
  • Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems
  • Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks
  • Working with GPT Disks
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 15. Managing File Systems
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems
  • NTFS Attributes
  • Link Tracking Service
  • Reparse Points
  • File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance
  • Quotas
  • File System Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 16. Managing Shared Resources
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing
  • Configuring File Sharing
  • Connecting to Shared Folders
  • Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs)
  • Printer Sharing
  • Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print
  • Managing Print Services
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 17. Managing File Encryption
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • File Encryption Functional Description
  • Certificate Management
  • Encrypted File Recovery
  • Encrypting Server-Based Files
  • EFS File Transactions and WebDAV
  • Special EFS Guidelines
  • EFS Procedures
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • PKI Goals
  • Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003
  • Public/Private Key Services
  • Certificates
  • Certification Authorities
  • Certificate Enrollment
  • Key Archival and Recovery
  • Command-Line PKI Tools
  • Chapter 19. Managing the User Operating Environment
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Side-by-Side Assemblies
  • User State Migration
  • Managing Folder Redirection
  • Creating and Managing Home Directories
  • Managing Offline Files
  • Managing Servers via Remote Desktop
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Network Bridge
  • Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections
  • Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS)
  • Moving Forward
  • Functional Description of WAN Device Support
  • PPP Authentication
  • NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains
  • Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access
  • Installing and Configuring Modems
  • Configuring a Remote Access Server
  • Configuring a Demand-Dial Router
  • Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT
  • Chapter 21. Recovering from System Failures
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description Ntbackup
  • Backup and Restore Operations
  • Recovering from Blue Screen Stops
  • Using Emergency Management Services (EMS)
  • Using Safe Mode
  • Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration
  • Recovery Console
  • Moving Forward
  • Who Should Read This Book
  • Who This Book Is Not For
  • Conventions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Author
  • About the Technical Reviewers
  • Index
  • Index A
  • Index B
  • Index C
  • Index D
  • Index E
  • Index F
  • Index G
  • Index H
  • Index I
  • Index J
  • Index K
  • Index L
  • Index M
  • Index N
  • Index O
  • Index P
  • Index Q
  • Index R
  • Index S
  • Index SYMBOL
  • Index T
  • Index U
  • Index V
  • Index W
  • Index X
  • Index Z
  • Preface
  • Previous Section Next Section

    New Features in Windows Server 2003

    Version 3.1 of the NTFS file system changed the location of the Master File Table and two metadata files and modified the header information in the file records. This was done to improve performance.

    When you upgrade a Windows 2000 or NT machine, any existing NTFS volumes are upgraded to NTFS 3.1. You are not asked for permission and there is no workaround. If you dual-boot between operating systems, make sure you are running NT4 SP6a or Windows 2000 SP1 or later. If you fail to take this precaution, you risk getting blue screen stops when attempting to boot in to the earlier operating system.

    The following additional new file system features have been added or modified in Windows Server 2003:

    • Improved defragmentation. There is now a command-line version of the defragmenter that can be scheduled. The new defragmenter can also defrag the Master File Table (MFT), which can dramatically improve performance.

    • Improved performance. The system automatically places critical system files at strategic locations on the drive. It also periodically relocates commonly used files to improve performance.

    • Improved NTFS conversions. The processes for creating and converting FAT and FAT32 partitions to NTFS have been reworked to minimize fragmentation and speed up conversion. Also, the conversion assigns restrictive permissions to the converted files rather than giving full access to the Everyone group. This enhances security for converted volumes.

    • File prefetch. In Windows Server 2003 and XP, when an executable is opened, a record of the linked DLLs is stored in the \Windows\Prefetch folder inside a file with a .pf extension. The system also keeps track of how often the file is launched. Every three days, the system jockeys executable files around on the volume to pack the most commonly used files at the front. It also defrags them to make sure they load as quickly as possible.

    • Short file names preserved. In previous versions of Windows, when you do a tape backup or a file copy, the short file names associated with the files and folders are not included in the backup. When you do a tape restore, the short names are regenerated. This can cause problems for applications that expect to see a particular file name. In Windows Server 2003, the backup API includes the original short name.

    • Writable CD/DVD support. Microsoft licensed technology from Roxio (a spin-off from Adaptec) that permits writing data directly to CDs and DVDs. This is not a full-blown packet-writing engine, as you may be accustomed to seeing in third-party products, but it does make it fairly simple to drag and drop files onto a CD-R or CD-RW or DVD-RAM drive.

    • Posix support. After being the red-headed stepchild of alternative Windows NT operating consoles for the longest time, Microsoft finally moved Posix completely out of the core operating system. Posix support is available for Windows Server 2003 as a fee-based add-on called Microsoft Interix. The current version of Interix is 2.2.

    • Improved WebDAV support. Windows 2000 introduced the capability of doing network file transfers using HTTP rather than SMB. This implements an emerging set of technologies called Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning, or WebDAV. The WebDAV support in Windows Server 2003 and XP improved considerably thanks to the introduction of a dedicated redirector. Also, file property information used by WebDAV is now stored in named data streams inside the NTFS file record.

    If you are currently an NT administrator, here is a list of NTFS 3.0 features introduced in Windows 2000 and covered in this chapter:

    • Consolidated security descriptors. NTFS files and folders are protected by security descriptors that control access and define the operations that can be performed. Starting with NTFS 3.0, the security descriptors were moved from a resident attribute in the individual MFT records out to a separate database. This improved performance and simplified the file system operations required to support permission inheritance.

    • Distributed Link Tracking. Files that are the object of shortcuts or other object linking and embedding (OLE) links are tracked down automatically if they are moved. This works both on the local system and if the file is moved to another computer in the domain.

    • Reparse points. Enables mounting local volumes and devices regardless of their format, such as CD and DVD drives or even tape drives, as a folder on an existing volume. When you open the folder containing the reparse point, the system opens the target volume or device instead.

    • Quota Tracking. Permits limiting the total space on a volume that a user can have when saving data.

    • Change Journal. Provides a quick way for applications to find out if files have been modified. This feature is used by the Content Indexing service, the File Replication service, and the Volume Shadow Copy service.

    • Encrypting File System. Allows encrypting files so that only the user who encrypted them and selected administrators can read them. See Chapter 17, "Managing File Encryption," for more information.

    • Sparse files. This feature permits applications to keep large files while not actually using all of the requested space.

    • Content indexing. This feature creates catalog files that speed up searches for words and phrases. The catalogs are available to network clients as well as local users.

    Finally, if you have been working with FAT or FAT32 exclusively and Windows Server 2003 or XP is your first introduction to NTFS, this chapter covers these legacy NTFS features:

    • Short filename generation. For backward compatibility with DOS applications and clients, the file system automatically generates a short (8.3) filename when a file or folder has a long name. The short-name algorithm is different than Windows 9x.

    • Compression. In NTFS, individual files and folders can be selectively compressed. The system decompresses them on-the-fly when they are accessed.

    • Named data streams. An NTFS file can store more than one discrete set of data in the same file record. The standard notion of "data" in a file is stored in a default, unnamed data stream. Additional data streams are identified by name. Many Windows Server 2003 features take advantage of this capability.

    • Journaling. The NTFS file system protects critical system files by saving the changes to a log file first then committing them to the file system records at a later time.

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