• Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • software development Company Server 2003
  • Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Best Practices
  • Moving Forward
  • Version Comparisons
  • Hardware Recommendations
  • Installation Checklist
  • Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup
  • Installing Windows Server 2003
  • Post Setup Configurations
  • Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process
  • Correcting Common Setup Problems
  • Chapter 2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview
  • Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server
  • Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 3. Adding Hardware
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play
  • Installing and Configuring Devices
  • Troubleshooting New Devices
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking
  • Name Resolution and Network Services
  • Network Diagnostic Utilities
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS
  • Managing WINS
  • Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution
  • Chapter 5. Managing DNS
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Caching-Only Server
  • Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder
  • Managing Dynamic DNS
  • Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters
  • Examining Zones with Nslookup
  • Command-Line Management of DNS
  • Configuring DHCP to Support DNS
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of DNS Domain Structure
  • Functional Description of DNS Query Handling
  • Designing DNS Domains
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Configuring DNS Clients
  • Installing and Configuring DNS Servers
  • Configuring Secondary DNS Servers
  • Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory
  • Chapter 6. Understanding Active Directory Services
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Support Files
  • Active Directory Utilities
  • Bulk Imports and Exports
  • Moving Forward
  • Limitations of Classic NT Security
  • Directory Service Components
  • Brief History of Directory Services
  • X.500 Overview
  • LDAP Information Model
  • LDAP Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Schema
  • Chapter 7. Managing Active Directory Replication
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Replication Overview
  • Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions
  • Designing Site Architectures
  • Configuring Inter-site Replication
  • Controlling Replication Parameters
  • Special Replication Operations
  • Troubleshooting Replication Problems
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Design Objectives
  • DNS and Active Directory Namespaces
  • Domain Design Strategies
  • Strategies for OU Design
  • Flexible Single Master Operations
  • Domain Controller Placement
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade
  • In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain
  • In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest
  • Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003
  • Additional Domain Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 10. Active Directory Maintenance
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Loss of a DNS Server
  • Loss of a Domain Controller
  • Loss of Key Replication Components
  • Backing Up the Directory
  • Performing Directory Maintenance
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture
  • Security Components
  • Password Security
  • Authentication
  • Analysis of Kerberos Transactions
  • MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability
  • Security Auditing
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 12. Managing Group Policies
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Group Policy Operational Overview
  • Managing Individual Group Policy Types
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 13. Managing Active Directory Security
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Active Directory Security
  • Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects
  • Service Accounts
  • Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs
  • Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 14. Configuring Data Storage
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage
  • Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems
  • Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks
  • Working with GPT Disks
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 15. Managing File Systems
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems
  • NTFS Attributes
  • Link Tracking Service
  • Reparse Points
  • File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance
  • Quotas
  • File System Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 16. Managing Shared Resources
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing
  • Configuring File Sharing
  • Connecting to Shared Folders
  • Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs)
  • Printer Sharing
  • Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print
  • Managing Print Services
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 17. Managing File Encryption
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • File Encryption Functional Description
  • Certificate Management
  • Encrypted File Recovery
  • Encrypting Server-Based Files
  • EFS File Transactions and WebDAV
  • Special EFS Guidelines
  • EFS Procedures
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • PKI Goals
  • Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003
  • Public/Private Key Services
  • Certificates
  • Certification Authorities
  • Certificate Enrollment
  • Key Archival and Recovery
  • Command-Line PKI Tools
  • Chapter 19. Managing the User Operating Environment
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Side-by-Side Assemblies
  • User State Migration
  • Managing Folder Redirection
  • Creating and Managing Home Directories
  • Managing Offline Files
  • Managing Servers via Remote Desktop
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Network Bridge
  • Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections
  • Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS)
  • Moving Forward
  • Functional Description of WAN Device Support
  • PPP Authentication
  • NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains
  • Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access
  • Installing and Configuring Modems
  • Configuring a Remote Access Server
  • Configuring a Demand-Dial Router
  • Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT
  • Chapter 21. Recovering from System Failures
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description Ntbackup
  • Backup and Restore Operations
  • Recovering from Blue Screen Stops
  • Using Emergency Management Services (EMS)
  • Using Safe Mode
  • Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration
  • Recovery Console
  • Moving Forward
  • Who Should Read This Book
  • Who This Book Is Not For
  • Conventions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Author
  • About the Technical Reviewers
  • Index
  • Index A
  • Index B
  • Index C
  • Index D
  • Index E
  • Index F
  • Index G
  • Index H
  • Index I
  • Index J
  • Index K
  • Index L
  • Index M
  • Index N
  • Index O
  • Index P
  • Index Q
  • Index R
  • Index S
  • Index SYMBOL
  • Index T
  • Index U
  • Index V
  • Index W
  • Index X
  • Index Z
  • Preface
  • Previous Section Next Section

    Configuring Secondary DNS Servers

    This section covers the configuration steps for a secondary DNS server. Secondary servers have a local read-only copy of a zone file that is pulled from a master name server. Secondary servers are authoritative for their zones, but cannot make changes to the zone. This section also covers the steps necessary to configure a master name server to accept zone transfer requests from a secondary and to notify the secondary when zone updates have occurred.

    The initial service installation for a secondary DNS server is the same as for a primary server. Only the zone configuration steps differ. Load the service drivers using the steps in "Installing and Configuring DNS Servers," earlier in this chapter, and then return here.

    Enabling Zone Transfers and Update Notifications

    A secondary server cannot pull a zone until zone transfers and notifications are enabled at the master name server. To enable these options, follow Procedure 5.12.

    Procedure 5.12 Enabling Zone Transfers and Notifications

    1. Open the DNS console.

    2. Right-click the zone icon and select PROPERTIES from flyout menu. The Properties window opens.

    3. Select the Zone Transfers tab. Select the Allow Zone Transfers option. There are three notification options:

      • To Any Server. This is self-explanatory and not recommended. This permits any server or user to pull a zone from your name server. A comprehensive list of host names and IP addresses is not something that you want in unauthorized hands.

      • Only to Servers Listed in the Name Servers Tab. This option limits zone transfers to servers with NS records in the zone file. This is the preferred option because it does not involve keeping two lists of servers (actually three lists, because you must also maintain a notification list). If you delegate to untrusted domains, however, you may not want to select this option because it permits administrators of the delegated name server to pull a zone.

      • Only to the Following Servers. This option gives you the most control over zone transfers by identifying each authorized secondary individually. This does not prevent an intruder from spoofing the IP address of a secondary so that it can initiate a zone transfer, but it's better than leaving the door wide open.

    4. Click Notify. The Notify window opens. Update notification is enabled by default in Windows Server 2003. This ensures that the zone files on the secondary name servers are kept current. You have the option in this window of automatically notifying servers in the NS list or specifying servers. If you chose the Only to the Following Servers option in the previous window, you must also individually select secondary servers for notification.

    5. Click OK to save the notification settings and return to the Properties window.

    6. Click OK to save the zone transfer settings and return to the DNS console.

    7. Close the DNS console.

    Test both the zone transfer setting and update notification by adding a test record at the primary. After refreshing the DNS console at the secondary, the record appears on the list. If this does not occur, check the IP addresses and notification settings.

    Configuring a Secondary DNS Server

    An authoritative secondary name server maintains a local copy of the zone. It uses root hints or a forwarder to handle queries that are outside of the zone.

    If you have configured a master name server to do zone transfers only with selected secondaries, you must first add the IP address for this server to the list. You should also include the new secondary on the list of secondary servers to notify for updates. To configure the secondary server, look at Procedure 5.13.

    Procedure 5.13 Configuring a Secondary Server

    1. Open the DNS console.

    2. Right-click the Forward Lookup Zone icon and select NEW ZONE from the flyout menu. The New Zone Wizard starts.

    3. Click Next. The Zone Type window opens. Select Secondary Zone.

    4. Click Next. The Zone Name window opens. Enter the FQDN name of the zone you are going to transfer to this server. For example, enter company.com.

    5. Click Next. The Master DNS Servers window opens.

    6. Enter the IP address of the master name server that you designated for use by this secondary and click Add to add it to the list. You can pull zones from several masters.

    7. Click Next. The wizard displays a completion window.

    8. Click Finish to close the wizard and return to the DNS console. The zone is transferred automatically.

    9. Verify that you got the zone file records by refreshing the tree. If you get a big red X with a Zone Not Loaded error, press F5 to refresh again. If the red X persists, you possibly forgot to enable zone transfers at the master server and add the secondary to the zone transfer list.

    After the secondary server is operational, configure clients to use it and verify by pinging hosts inside and outside the zone. If pings outside the zone do not work, check your root hints at the primary and secondary.

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