Configuring DNS Clients
It's about time to install DNS, but first let's configure a few DNS clients so that they will be ready to use the server after it is in operation. Windows Server 2003 clients need two pieces of information about DNS:
The IP address information is configured in TCP/IP Properties. The DNS Suffix information is configured in two places: the TCP/IP Properties for the network interface and System Properties for the computer. These entries are stored in separate places in the Registry.
Configuring DNS Information in TCP/IP Properties
When you have the information you need to configure a client's DNS settings, proceed as shown in Procedure 5.5.
You can configure a client to query multiple DNS servers. If the first server on the list does not respond, the resolver consults the next server. If the first server responds authoritatively with a Record Not Found error, the client does not consult additional servers.
Procedure 5.5 Configuring DNS Information for TCP/IP Interface Properties
Right-click My Network Places and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The Network and Dial-up Connections window opens.
Right-click the Local Connection icon and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The Local Connection Properties window opens.
Double-click the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) entry to open its Properties window.
Click Advanced. The Advanced TCP/IP Settings window opens.
Select the DNS tab.
Under DNS Server Addresses, click Add. The TCP/IP DNS Server window opens.
Enter the IP address of the DNS server and click Add to add it to the list. You can add several servers to the list.
Leave the DNS Suffix for This Connection field blank. Do not select the Use This Connection's DNS Suffix in DNS Registration option. Wait for the next section to configure these settings in System Properties.
Click OK to retain the change and close the window.
Click OK to return to the TCP/IP Properties window.
Click OK to close the window and update the Registry with the changes.
Configuring DNS Information in System Properties
The DNS Suffix information in System Properties is used as the primary suffix for building FQDNs and is used to register the computer in Dynamic DNS. You will get the best results by putting suffix information here rather than in TCP/IP Properties. View and modify the DNS Suffix information in System Properties as described in Procedure 5.6. A system restart is required if you make changes.
Procedure 5.6 Configuring DNS Information in the System Properties Window
Right-click My Computer and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The System Properties window opens.
Select the Network Identification tab.
Click Properties. The Identification Changes window opens.
Click More. The DNS Suffix and NetBIOS Computer Name window opens.
Enter the DNS domain name. Be sure to check the Change Primary DNS Suffix when Domain Membership Changes option. This ensures that the server's DNS domain matches its Active Directory domain.
Click OK to save the change.
Click OK to return to the System Properties window. The system prompts you that the change requires a restart.
Click OK, and then OK again to close the System Properties window. The system prompts again to restart. Do so.
After you complete configuring a client, use ipconfig /all to double-check your work.