• Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • software development Company Server 2003
  • Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Best Practices
  • Moving Forward
  • Version Comparisons
  • Hardware Recommendations
  • Installation Checklist
  • Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup
  • Installing Windows Server 2003
  • Post Setup Configurations
  • Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process
  • Correcting Common Setup Problems
  • Chapter 2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview
  • Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server
  • Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 3. Adding Hardware
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play
  • Installing and Configuring Devices
  • Troubleshooting New Devices
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking
  • Name Resolution and Network Services
  • Network Diagnostic Utilities
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS
  • Managing WINS
  • Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution
  • Chapter 5. Managing DNS
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Caching-Only Server
  • Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder
  • Managing Dynamic DNS
  • Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters
  • Examining Zones with Nslookup
  • Command-Line Management of DNS
  • Configuring DHCP to Support DNS
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of DNS Domain Structure
  • Functional Description of DNS Query Handling
  • Designing DNS Domains
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Configuring DNS Clients
  • Installing and Configuring DNS Servers
  • Configuring Secondary DNS Servers
  • Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory
  • Chapter 6. Understanding Active Directory Services
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Support Files
  • Active Directory Utilities
  • Bulk Imports and Exports
  • Moving Forward
  • Limitations of Classic NT Security
  • Directory Service Components
  • Brief History of Directory Services
  • X.500 Overview
  • LDAP Information Model
  • LDAP Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Schema
  • Chapter 7. Managing Active Directory Replication
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Replication Overview
  • Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions
  • Designing Site Architectures
  • Configuring Inter-site Replication
  • Controlling Replication Parameters
  • Special Replication Operations
  • Troubleshooting Replication Problems
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Design Objectives
  • DNS and Active Directory Namespaces
  • Domain Design Strategies
  • Strategies for OU Design
  • Flexible Single Master Operations
  • Domain Controller Placement
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade
  • In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain
  • In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest
  • Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003
  • Additional Domain Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 10. Active Directory Maintenance
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Loss of a DNS Server
  • Loss of a Domain Controller
  • Loss of Key Replication Components
  • Backing Up the Directory
  • Performing Directory Maintenance
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture
  • Security Components
  • Password Security
  • Authentication
  • Analysis of Kerberos Transactions
  • MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability
  • Security Auditing
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 12. Managing Group Policies
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Group Policy Operational Overview
  • Managing Individual Group Policy Types
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 13. Managing Active Directory Security
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Active Directory Security
  • Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects
  • Service Accounts
  • Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs
  • Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 14. Configuring Data Storage
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage
  • Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems
  • Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks
  • Working with GPT Disks
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 15. Managing File Systems
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems
  • NTFS Attributes
  • Link Tracking Service
  • Reparse Points
  • File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance
  • Quotas
  • File System Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 16. Managing Shared Resources
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing
  • Configuring File Sharing
  • Connecting to Shared Folders
  • Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs)
  • Printer Sharing
  • Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print
  • Managing Print Services
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 17. Managing File Encryption
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • File Encryption Functional Description
  • Certificate Management
  • Encrypted File Recovery
  • Encrypting Server-Based Files
  • EFS File Transactions and WebDAV
  • Special EFS Guidelines
  • EFS Procedures
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • PKI Goals
  • Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003
  • Public/Private Key Services
  • Certificates
  • Certification Authorities
  • Certificate Enrollment
  • Key Archival and Recovery
  • Command-Line PKI Tools
  • Chapter 19. Managing the User Operating Environment
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Side-by-Side Assemblies
  • User State Migration
  • Managing Folder Redirection
  • Creating and Managing Home Directories
  • Managing Offline Files
  • Managing Servers via Remote Desktop
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Network Bridge
  • Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections
  • Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS)
  • Moving Forward
  • Functional Description of WAN Device Support
  • PPP Authentication
  • NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains
  • Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access
  • Installing and Configuring Modems
  • Configuring a Remote Access Server
  • Configuring a Demand-Dial Router
  • Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT
  • Chapter 21. Recovering from System Failures
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description Ntbackup
  • Backup and Restore Operations
  • Recovering from Blue Screen Stops
  • Using Emergency Management Services (EMS)
  • Using Safe Mode
  • Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration
  • Recovery Console
  • Moving Forward
  • Who Should Read This Book
  • Who This Book Is Not For
  • Conventions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Author
  • About the Technical Reviewers
  • Index
  • Index A
  • Index B
  • Index C
  • Index D
  • Index E
  • Index F
  • Index G
  • Index H
  • Index I
  • Index J
  • Index K
  • Index L
  • Index M
  • Index N
  • Index O
  • Index P
  • Index Q
  • Index R
  • Index S
  • Index SYMBOL
  • Index T
  • Index U
  • Index V
  • Index W
  • Index X
  • Index Z
  • Preface
  • Previous Section Next Section

    Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters

    Several DNS server options are collected under the Advanced tab in the DNS server Properties window. Several of these options are covered elsewhere in the chapter. This topic covers the remaining options. The advanced options access these options as shown in Procedure 5.22.

    Procedure 5.22 Accessing Advanced Server Parameters

    1. Open the DNS console.

    2. Right-click the server icon and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The Properties window opens.

    3. Select the Advanced tab.

    The following options are available in this window:

    • Disable Recursion. By default, a Windows Server 2003 running DNS and Windows 2000 DNS server accepts recursive queries. This enables the server to do DNS searches on behalf of clients and is the preferred configuration. Select the Disable Recursion option if you want the server to accept only iterative queries.

    • BIND Secondaries. By default, a Windows Server 2003 running DNS and Windows 2000 DNS server does a zone transfer by copying multiple records in compressed format. If you have secondary name servers running BIND versions earlier than 4.9.4, select the BIND Secondaries option.

    • Fail On Load if Bad Zone Data. See the sidebar, "Starting DNS from a BIND Boot File."

    • Enable Round Robin. If multiple A records exist for a host, DNS returns just one of them. It evens out the load using round-robin if this option is selected.

    • Enable Netmask Ordering. If a zone file has multiple resource records that fit a particular query, this option causes the DNS server to sort the responses so that the records in the same subnet as the querying client are listed first. If this option is not checked, the responses are ordered as they appear in the zone file. This option overrides round-robin.

    • Secure Cache Against Pollution. All name servers cache query results to speed subsequent queries for the same record. One possible attack method is to use indirection to get an improper record in the cache where it can then send users to an unsecured site. If a user browses the Internet to www.company.com and the user's name server has an alias for www.company.com that points at www.competitor.com, for example, the A record for www.competitor.com would be added to the local name server cache. Returning a record from one DNS domain in response to a query for a record in another DNS domain can result in cache pollution. The Secure Cache Against Pollution prevents this problem by caching only query results that match the root domain of the query.

    • Name Checking. By default, Microsoft's DNS permits any ANSI character to be used in a DNS host name. This includes special characters not included in standard DNS names as defined by RFC 1123, "Requirements for Internet Hosts—Application and Support." If you have non-Microsoft name servers, or expect to interface with non-Microsoft name servers, select the Strict RFC (ANSI) option. If you have only Microsoft DNS and you want to enable Unicode host names, select the Multibyte (UTF8) option.

    • Enable Automatic Scavenging of Stale Records. See the "Configuring Scavenging" steps in Procedure 5.20.

    Starting DNS from a BIND Boot File

    Windows Server 2003 supports file-based booting like that used by BIND. If you need to boot a Windows Server 2003 running DNS using a boot file from a BIND server, copy the file to \Windows\System32\DNS and then configure the boot method as shown in Procedure 5.23. (The \Windows\System32\DNS\Samples directory contains a boot file you can use for a template.)

    Procedure 5.23 Starting DNS from a BIND File

    1. Open the DNS console.

    2. Right-click the DNS server icon and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The Properties window opens.

    3. Select the Advanced tab.

    4. Under Load Zone Data on Startup, select From File.

    5. Click OK to save the changes and close the window.

    6. Close the console.

    If the BIND file contains data that is not permitted in Microsoft DNS zone files, such as giving an alias (CNAME) record the same name as the host, the DNS service will ignore the bad records, log them to the Event log, and continue to load the zone file. If you would prefer to abort the zone file load in case of an error, proceed as directed in Procedure 5.24.

    Procedure 5.24 Setting the Fail on Load if Bad Zone option

    1. Open the DNS console.

    2. Right-click the DNS server icon and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu. The Properties window opens.

    3. Select the Advanced tab.

    4. Under Server Options, select Fail on Load if Bad Zone Data.

    5. Click OK to save the changes and close the window.

    6. Close the console.

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