• Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • software development Company Server 2003
  • Chapter 1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Best Practices
  • Moving Forward
  • Version Comparisons
  • Hardware Recommendations
  • Installation Checklist
  • Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup
  • Installing Windows Server 2003
  • Post Setup Configurations
  • Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process
  • Correcting Common Setup Problems
  • Chapter 2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview
  • Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server
  • Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 3. Adding Hardware
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play
  • Installing and Configuring Devices
  • Troubleshooting New Devices
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking
  • Name Resolution and Network Services
  • Network Diagnostic Utilities
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts
  • Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS
  • Managing WINS
  • Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution
  • Chapter 5. Managing DNS
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Caching-Only Server
  • Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder
  • Managing Dynamic DNS
  • Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters
  • Examining Zones with Nslookup
  • Command-Line Management of DNS
  • Configuring DHCP to Support DNS
  • Moving Forward
  • Overview of DNS Domain Structure
  • Functional Description of DNS Query Handling
  • Designing DNS Domains
  • Active Directory Integration
  • Configuring DNS Clients
  • Installing and Configuring DNS Servers
  • Configuring Secondary DNS Servers
  • Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory
  • Chapter 6. Understanding Active Directory Services
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Support Files
  • Active Directory Utilities
  • Bulk Imports and Exports
  • Moving Forward
  • Limitations of Classic NT Security
  • Directory Service Components
  • Brief History of Directory Services
  • X.500 Overview
  • LDAP Information Model
  • LDAP Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Namespace Structure
  • Active Directory Schema
  • Chapter 7. Managing Active Directory Replication
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Replication Overview
  • Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions
  • Designing Site Architectures
  • Configuring Inter-site Replication
  • Controlling Replication Parameters
  • Special Replication Operations
  • Troubleshooting Replication Problems
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Design Objectives
  • DNS and Active Directory Namespaces
  • Domain Design Strategies
  • Strategies for OU Design
  • Flexible Single Master Operations
  • Domain Controller Placement
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade
  • In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain
  • In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest
  • Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003
  • Additional Domain Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 10. Active Directory Maintenance
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Loss of a DNS Server
  • Loss of a Domain Controller
  • Loss of Key Replication Components
  • Backing Up the Directory
  • Performing Directory Maintenance
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture
  • Security Components
  • Password Security
  • Authentication
  • Analysis of Kerberos Transactions
  • MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability
  • Security Auditing
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 12. Managing Group Policies
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Group Policy Operational Overview
  • Managing Individual Group Policy Types
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 13. Managing Active Directory Security
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Active Directory Security
  • Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects
  • Service Accounts
  • Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs
  • Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 14. Configuring Data Storage
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage
  • Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems
  • Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks
  • Working with GPT Disks
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 15. Managing File Systems
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems
  • NTFS Attributes
  • Link Tracking Service
  • Reparse Points
  • File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance
  • Quotas
  • File System Operations
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 16. Managing Shared Resources
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing
  • Configuring File Sharing
  • Connecting to Shared Folders
  • Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs)
  • Printer Sharing
  • Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print
  • Managing Print Services
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 17. Managing File Encryption
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • File Encryption Functional Description
  • Certificate Management
  • Encrypted File Recovery
  • Encrypting Server-Based Files
  • EFS File Transactions and WebDAV
  • Special EFS Guidelines
  • EFS Procedures
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Moving Forward
  • PKI Goals
  • Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003
  • Public/Private Key Services
  • Certificates
  • Certification Authorities
  • Certificate Enrollment
  • Key Archival and Recovery
  • Command-Line PKI Tools
  • Chapter 19. Managing the User Operating Environment
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Side-by-Side Assemblies
  • User State Migration
  • Managing Folder Redirection
  • Creating and Managing Home Directories
  • Managing Offline Files
  • Managing Servers via Remote Desktop
  • Moving Forward
  • Chapter 20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Configuring a Network Bridge
  • Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections
  • Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS)
  • Moving Forward
  • Functional Description of WAN Device Support
  • PPP Authentication
  • NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains
  • Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access
  • Installing and Configuring Modems
  • Configuring a Remote Access Server
  • Configuring a Demand-Dial Router
  • Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT
  • Chapter 21. Recovering from System Failures
  • New Features in Windows Server 2003
  • Functional Description Ntbackup
  • Backup and Restore Operations
  • Recovering from Blue Screen Stops
  • Using Emergency Management Services (EMS)
  • Using Safe Mode
  • Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration
  • Recovery Console
  • Moving Forward
  • Who Should Read This Book
  • Who This Book Is Not For
  • Conventions
  • Acknowledgments
  • About the Author
  • About the Technical Reviewers
  • Index
  • Index A
  • Index B
  • Index C
  • Index D
  • Index E
  • Index F
  • Index G
  • Index H
  • Index I
  • Index J
  • Index K
  • Index L
  • Index M
  • Index N
  • Index O
  • Index P
  • Index Q
  • Index R
  • Index S
  • Index SYMBOL
  • Index T
  • Index U
  • Index V
  • Index W
  • Index X
  • Index Z
  • Preface
  • Previous Section Next Section

    Version Comparisons

    There are four different versions of Windows Server 2003. Here is a quick list, followed by a detailed examination of the differences:

    • Standard Edition. This version is intended for file-and-print services and general purpose application support. It can also act as an Internet gateway and dial-in server.

    • Enterprise Edition. This version is the upgrade path for Windows 2000 Advanced Server. It has greater memory and processor capacity than Standard Edition, along with support for clustering and advanced certificate services. It is intended for high-end applications and high-availability services. It also supports services that are no longer included in the Standard Edition package.

    • Datacenter Edition. This version comes as part of a hardware/software package supplied by authorized value-added resellers. It doubles the memory and clustering capacity of Enterprise Edition and contains features that support superior availability. It is intended for large, critical datacenter applications.

    • Web Edition. This new addition to the Windows server family has been tailored for web services and web hosting applications. It lacks many of the features in the Standard Edition in return for an attractive price and a simple-to-manage platform that is easier to keep secure.

    Standard and Web Editions come in 32-bit (IA32) versions only. Enterprise and Datacenter Editions come in both IA32 and IA64 (64-bit) versions. The IA64 version runs only on the Intel Itanium family of processors. There is no Alpha version of Windows Server 2003.

    Table 1.1 shows the minimum recommended hardware requirements as defined by Microsoft. I emphasize recommended because the minimum requirements published by Microsoft do not yield satisfactory performance in a production environment.

    Microsoft also recommends a minimum operating system partition of 1.5GB (2GB for IA64 versions), but my recommendation is to set aside no less than 4GB for the operating system partition. This gives room for application support files and provides sufficient free space for defragmentation.

    Table 1.1. Minimum Recommended Hardware Requirements for Windows Server 2003

    Hardware Variable

    Web Edition

    Standard Edition

    Enterprise Edition

    Datacenter Edition

    CPU Speed

    550 MHz

    550 MHz

    733 MHz

    733 Mhz

    RAM

    256 MB

    256 MB

    256 MB

    1 GB

    Maximum RAM

    2 GB

    4 GB

    32 GB (64 GB for IA64)

    64 GB (512 GB for IA64)

    Clusters

    N/A

    N/A

    4 node

    8 node

    Processor

    1 or 2

    1 or 2

    Up to 8

    8 to 32 max (64 for IA64)

    The IA32 versions of Enterprise and Datacenter Editions are able to access memory above the 4GB limit imposed by the 32-bit operating system using a set of technologies jointly developed by Microsoft and Intel. See Chapter 3, "Adding Hardware," for a discussion of these extended memory technologies.

    Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

    In addition to the features shown in Table 1.1, Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, has several other significant differences when compared with Windows 2000 Server:

    • Processors. Standard Edition only supports up to two processors, compared to the four processors supported by Windows 2000. If you have a four-way SQL server currently running on Windows 2000 Server, you must upgrade to Enterprise Edition to get support for all four processors.

    • Memory. Maximum physical memory is limited to 4GB, just as with Windows 2000 Server, but Standard Edition supports the 4GB Tuning option currently available only in Windows 2000 Advanced and Datacenter Server. This permits you to give an additional 1GB of physical memory to applications running on the server.

    • Network load balancing. Standard Edition supports Network Load Balance (NLB) clusters. This contrasts to Windows 2000, where you had to pay for Advanced or Datacenter Server to get NLB.

    • Terminal Services. Standard Edition includes support for Application mode terminal services but it cannot act as a Terminal Server Session Directory in an NLB cluster.

    • Certificate Services. A Certification Authority (CA) running on Standard Edition can only issue the same certificates issued by Windows 2000 CAs. To get support for newer version 2 certificates and for automatic user enrollment, you must purchase the Enterprise or Datacenter versions. See Chapter 18, "Managing a Public Key Infrastructure," for details.

    Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition

    You pay a premium for the Enterprise Edition if you need any of the following services. The price difference is significant, but as with all Microsoft products, volume discounts are available:

    • IA64 support. The 64-bit version of Enterprise Edition gives you access to the next generation of Intel processors.

    • Processors. Enterprise Edition supports up to eight processors in both Symmetric Multiprocessor (SMP) and cache-coherent Non-Uniform Memory Access (ccNUMA) configurations.

    • Memory. The IA32 version of Enterprise Edition supports up to 32GB of physical memory. This compares to 8GB of RAM supported by Windows 2000 Advanced Server. The IA64 version of Enterprise Edition supports 64GB of physical memory.

    • Clustering. Enterprise Edition supports 8-node clusters, compared to 2-node clusters in Windows 2000.

    • Hot add memory. For servers that support this feature, you can add more RAM to a running server. This feature is available in the Datacenter Edition, as well.

    • Metadirectory support. If you need to consolidate multiple directory services, Microsoft Metadirectory Services (MMS) version 3 is slated for shipment upon release of Windows Server 2003, but it is only supported in the Enterprise Edition. See www.microsoft.com/windows2000/server/evaluation/news/bulletins/mmsroadmap.asp for more information.

    Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition

    This product is intended to support high-end applications such as data warehouses, graphic and econometric modeling, and Online Analytical Processing (OLAP). In addition to the features in the Enterprise Edition, here are the features supported by Datacenter Edition:

    • IA64 support. The 64-bit version of Datacenter Edition takes better advantage of the scalable features in IA64 servers, including support for 512GB of physical memory (with supporting chipsets) and 64 processors.

    • Processors. The IA32 version of Datacenter Edition supports up to 32 processors in both Symmetric Multiprocessor (SMP) and cache-coherent Non-Uniform Memory Access (ccNUMA) configurations.

    • Memory. The IA32 version of Datacenter Edition supports up to 64GB of physical memory.

    • Clustering. Datacenter Edition supports 8-node clusters, compared to 4-node clusters in Windows 2000.

    You cannot purchase just the Datacenter Edition software. Datacenter Edition comes as a complete package from authorized VARs such as IBM, HP, Groupe Bull, Hitachi, and Unisys, along with Intel stalwarts Dell, Gateway, and NEC. For a full list of partners, go to Microsoft's web site, www.microsoft.com/servers, and look under Datacenter Edition.

    When you buy a Datacenter Edition system from one of these vendors, you are actually buying a package of hardware, software, and services. Each system is tested before shipment using a Microsoft certification test suite. The VAR provides 7 x 24 support with Microsoft engineers available around the clock for consultation. The partner must provide these services:

    • Guaranteed minimum 99.9 percent uptime (which permits about nine hours of downtime in a year)

    • Installation and configuration services

    • Availability assessments

    • 24 x 7 hardware and software support

    • Onsite hardware and software support

    • Change management service

    As you can probably imagine, these platforms and services come with a hefty price tag. In the stratospheric world of high-availability, high-capacity servers, though, a fully equipped Datacenter Edition system can cost much less than a comparable RISC solution.

    Windows Server 2003, Web Edition

    You may see this version referred to as "Blade Server" because it was designed to work on compact, high-density server farms popular with web service providers.

    In addition to a 2GB RAM limitation (virtual memory limit remains at 4GB), Web Edition lacks several of the features commonly associated with Windows servers. It has been stripped down to function as a nimble web platform that can be more easily secured. Here is a quick rundown of the reductions in the feature set:

    • Routing and Remote Access. Web Edition only supports a single VPN connection intended for management use. It cannot function as a dial-in server or an Internet gateway.

    • Active Directory. Web Edition cannot be a domain controller. It can join a domain.

    • File-and-print. Web Edition can accept Windows client connections and it can host a Dfs volume. You can encrypt files on it. It does not support Shadow Copy Restore (Chapter 21, "Recovering from System Failures"). It cannot act as a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server.

    • Certificates. Web Edition does not support Certificate Services and cannot be a Certification Authority.

    • Terminal services. Web Edition supports two-session administrative remote access but it cannot function as a full-fledged Application-mode Terminal Server.

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